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Names of

Railway Stations & Public Houses

in Great Britain and Ireland

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The information on this page essentially represents work in progress and further information will be appreciated - please Email me. Where this symbol § appears, additional information will be particularly welcome.

Railway Stations, Junctions, and other features named after Public Houses

A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Isolated public houses and inns were a special feature of the days when long distance travel required frequent stops for rest and refreshment, perhaps for change of horses, and the like. These often developed into centres for traffic interchange with nearby small communities and outlying farms and were therefore highly appropriate places for a station to be built when the railways arrived.

In other instances, a small station or junction might be built at a particular location mainly to suit the operational requirements of the railway, and a pub might be the most prominent local landmark after which to name it.

In at least one instance (see Berney Arms) a railway station was built to serve a public house that was otherwise almost inaccessible.

A

Angel
Underground station (TQ314832). Opened 1901, City & South London Railway. Now on the City branch of the Northern Line. Near the Angel Inn, a former coaching inn recently rebuilt at the time when the railway opened. The building still stands, now a branch of the Cooperative Bank (1 Islington High Street, London N1 9TR). The Inn has also given its name to the immediately surrounding area. The present day pub, The Angel, 3-5 Islington High Street, London N1 9TQ, is located in a modern block of shops and offices nearby.
Atlantic
Pair of lines (TQ287772 to TQ339762). Opened jointly by the London, Chatham & Dover and London, Brighton & South Coast Railways between 1865 and 1867, linking York Road (now Battersea Park) and Peckham Rye Junction. These lines for most of their length form the southernmost pair of the four track route known as the South London Line and were intended to relieve congestion on the earlier pair. The name was given because they pass close by the Atlantic pub in Brixton: the pub is now The Dogstar, 389 Coldharbour Lane, London SW9 8LQ

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B

Bat & Ball
Station (SD492530). Sevenoaks station opened 1862, as the terminus of the Sevenoaks Railway. Shortly afterwards, railway changed its name to Sevenoaks, Maidstone & Tunbridge Railway. Line extended 1869 to join the London, Chatham & Dover Railway at their Sevenoaks Tubs Hill station; original station renamed Sevenoaks Bat & Ball. Sevenoaks Bat & Ball renamed Bat & Ball, 1950. A short distance from the Bat & Ball Inn, located at the junction of St John’s Hill and Seal Road. The building remains, but is no longer a pub.
Bay Horse
Station (SD492530). Opened 1840, Lancaster & Preston Junction Railway. Station closed 1960, signal box retained as block post. Signal box closed circa 1972, emergency crossovers retained. Line remains open. Built to serve a collection of small communities, the station was named after an inn on the Preston to Lancaster coach road, the New Bay Horse, opened in 1825 replacing an earlier inn. Demand for coaching facilities declined with the arrival of the railway and the New Bay Horse closed as an inn in 1892. The business was transferred back to its former premises (then known as the Old Bay Horse), where it remains to this day: The Bay Horse Inn, Bay Horse, Lancaster, LA2 0HR.
Berney Arms
Station (SD492530). Opened 1844, Norwich & Yarmouth Railway. Now served by just a few trains a day, which stop on request. It is almost unique in having no road access whatsoever. A track leads to the Berney Arms Inn, Berney Arms, Great Yarmouth, NR30 1SB. The pub relies for its supplies and most of its custom on the adjacent River Yare. Declining commercial traffic on the river has been more than compensated for by a huge increase in pleasure traffic during the latter half of the 20th century. Although traffic at the station is minimal, it has survived closure owing to pressing social needs. The station is mainly used by the few local residents and by pub workers, with occasional pub visitors and ramblers (not to mention railway enthusiasts!) However, it also handles the all-important Royal Mail postal service, provided by a travelling postman; and in bad weather during the winter may be the only practical means of access to the pub, mill and neighbouring farms in an emergency.
Bird in Hand
Junction (approx ST177953). Line from Crumlin to Nelson & Llancaiach opened 1857 / 1858 Newport, Abergavenny & Hereford Railway. Line from Nine Mile Point to Sirhowy opened 1863 Sirhowy Railway. Junction between the two lines created 1893. Line towards Nelson closed 1964. Line towards Sirhowy closed 1969. Remaining lines closed 1970. Junction near the Bird in Hand Inn, Bryn Road, Pontllanfraith, Blackwood NP12 2EX.
Black Boy
Level crossing (SU832051). Line from Chichester to Portsmouth opened 1847, London, Brighton & South Coast Railway, with Black Boy level crossing. Remains open. On Black Boy Lane, leading to The Black Boy Inn, Main Road, Fishbourne, Chichester PO18 8AN.
Black Bull
Tram stop (approx SJ366972). Opened, dated uncertain §. Closed 1951. Near The Black Bull, 2 Warbreck Moor, Liverpool L9 0ER.
Black Dog
Bridge and Halt (ST982708). Line from Chippenham to Calne opened 1863, Calne Railway, with bridge and halt. The halt was initially classed as a private halt and, although the public were permitted to use it, it did not appear in public timetables until 1952. Line and halt closed 1965. The line was subsequently opened as a footpath and cycle route and a new bridge (known as the Millennium Bridge) has been constructed. The location takes its name from Black Dog Hill, the Inn of that name having closed some time around 1850. However, the inn building still stands, now a private house, part way up the hill on the south side.
Black Lion
Level crossing and halt (SN999021). The Vale of Neath Railway opened its line from Dare Junction to Cwmaman Colliery in 1856. The line crossed the Aberdare to Maerdy road at Black Lion Crossing, at the point where present day Monk Street becomes Graig Place. Black Lion Crossing Halt, adjacent to the crossing, opened for passenger traffic in 1906, closed in 1924. The entire line closed in 1936. The Black Lion Hotel, 104 Wind St, Aberdare CF44 7LL (next to Victoria Square) is about ¼ mile away, nearer to the town centre. The pub was later renamed The Black, and in 2013 was standing empty.
Blue Anchor (London)
Viaduct and signal box (approx TQ345790). In what was already a heavily built up area at the time, the first few miles of the London & Greenwich Railway (opened in 1836) was constructed on viaduct to avoid numerous road level crossings. Various stretches of viaduct were given distinctive names; Blue Anchor Viaduct is close to the Blue Anchor, 251 Southwark Park Road, London SE16 3TS (on the corner of Blue Anchor Lane). When the London & Croydon Railway opened in 1839, Blue Anchor became the junction between the two lines. In subsequent years, traffic was such that the viaducts needed to be widened and each route had its own tracks towards London; the physical connection between the two lines was moved further west, but Blue Anchor remained as a signal box until its functions were taken over by a new signalling control centre at London Bridge in the 1970s.
Blue Anchor (Minehead)
Station (ST022434). Opened 1874, Minehead Railway. Closed 1971. Reopened 1976, West Somerset Railway. The station was built partly to serve the nearby village of Carhampton, but also the Blue Anchor Hotel, Blue Anchor, Minehead, TA24 6JP, located about ¾ mile to the east along the seafront. A small community has grown up around the station and takes its name from it.
Blue Pigeons
Level crossing (TR347568). Opened 1847, South Eastern Railway. Remains open. Near the Old Blue Pigeons, now a farm. The present day Blue Pigeons Inn, The Street, Worth, Deal CT14 0DE is about ½ mile away.
Boars Head
Station and junction (SD577088). Line from Wigan to Preston opened 1838, North Union Railway. Boars Head station was opened 1869, as junction with Lancashire Union Railway branch to Adlington Junction on the Bolton & Preston Railway. Station closed in 1949. Branch closed and junction abolished 1971. Emergency crossovers retained. Main line remains open. Near to The Boars Head, Wigan Road, Standish, Wigan WN6 0AD.
Boot Inn
Tram stop (approx SK298184). Opened 1906, Burton & Ashby Light Railway. Closed 1927. Near the former Boot Inn, now a Care Home: Gresley House, Market Street, Church Gresley, Swadlincote DE11 9PN.
Bo Peep
Junction (TQ791090) and tunnel (TQ791090 to TQ803094). Line from first Hastings & St Leonards station (later St Leonards West Marina) to Ashford opened 1851, South Eastern Railway, with the 1318 yard (1205 m) Bo Peep Tunnel. Bo Peep Junction created 1852, with opening of line to Robertsbridge. Both lines, junction and tunnel remain open. Junction and western end of tunnel near The Bo Peep, 25 Grosvenor Crescent, St Leonards-on-Sea TN38 0AA.
Bricklayers Arms
Station (TQ335787) and junctions. Station opened 1844, jointly by the South Eastern and London & Croydon Railways, with line from Bricklayers Arms Junction on the London & Croydon Railway north of New Cross. New line opened 1849, South Eastern Railway, from Surrey Canal Junction to 2nd Bricklayers Arms Junction on the original line. Station closed to passengers 1852, but remained active for freight. Original line between the two Bricklayers Arms Junctions closed 1981. Station finally closed, together with the line from Surrey Canal Junction, 1983. The extensive site of Bricklayers Arms station is now occupied by an industrial estate. Mandela Way (SE1 5SR / SS) runs through its centre. Part of the line from Surrey Docks Junction can still be traced on the ground. Part of the route of the line from the former London & Croydon Railway is now used by the so-called Spur Lines connecting with the South London Lines. The divergence of the Spur Lines from the Brighton main line (TQ356781) retains the name of Bricklayers Arms Junction. Bricklayers Arms station took its name from a pub located nearby, at the junction of Old Kent Road and New Kent Road (TQ329789). The pub was rebuilt in the 1890s. Excavations carried out at the time of rebuilding confirmed that it had been built on the site of a much older coaching inn. The later building survived until the 1960s, after which it was demolished for road widening. The site is now occupied by a roundabout and flyover.
Bridge Tavern
Tram stop (approx SK541611). Opened 1905, Mansfield & District Light Railway Company. Closed 1932. Near the Bridge Tavern, Bridge Street, Mansfield NG18 1AL.
Bronwydd Arms
Station (TQ335787). Line from Carmarthen to Conwil opened 1860, Carmarthen & Cardigan Railway, a broad gauge line. Station opened 1861. Line converted to mixed gauge 1866, standard gauge 1872. Station closed 1965. Line closed 1973. Part reopened as tourist line (with Bronwydd Arms station) 1978, Gwili Railway. Near the Bronwydd Arms Inn, located at the junction of the Carmarthen to Cardigan main road (A484) with the road to Bronwydd village (B4301). The pub was demolished in 1981 for road widening, its site is marked by a roadside plaque. The small village that grew up around the pub and station has taken the name of the former inn.
Brown Cow
Tram stop (approx SK543610). Opened 1905, Mansfield & District Light Railway Company. Closed 1932. Near the Brown Cow, Ratcliffe Gate, Mansfield NG18 2JA.
Brunswick
Viaduct (TQ333798). Another section of the long elevated route opened in 1836 to carry the London & Greenwich Railway over the streets of South East London (see Blue Anchor). Brunswick Viaduct spanned Brunswick Court, London SE1 3LX, itself named after a tavern which stood at its junction with Tanner Street but which disappeared many years ago.
Bull & Bush
Proposed underground station (approx TQ260870). Line from Euston to Golders Green opened 1907, Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway. Station proposed at North End, construction started but never completed. Line remains open as the Edgware branch of the Northern line. The incomplete station was officially named North End, but over the years has come to be known as Bull & Bush. Near the Bull & Bush, North End Way, London NW3 7HE, famous as the inspiration of the music hall song Down at the Old Bull & Bush.
Bull’s Head
Tram stop (SJ895952). Line from Stockport opened 1903, Stockport Corporation Transport. Extended to Gorton 1908. Closed 1946. Near the Bull’s Head, 605 Gorton Road, Stockport SK5 6NX. The pub closed around 2012 and the rear of the premises is used as a builderʼs yard.

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C

Camels Head
Halt (SX456572). Line from Devonport to Beer (later Bere) Alston opened 1890, Plymouth, Devonport & South Western Junction Railway. Camels Head Halt opened 1906, closed 1942. Line from Devonport to Saint Budeaux closed 1964. Halt near to The Camels Head pub, which stood at what was then the junction between Wolseley Road and Ferndale Road. Pub renamed The Submarine, 1978. Demolished 1988 to make way for road widening.
Cavendish
Tram terminus (SK348341). Opened 1904, Derby Corporation Tramways. Closed 1934. Next to the Cavendish Hotel, Walbrook Road, Derby DE23 8SB. Pub closed 2012.
Chocolate Poodle
Bridge (ST995549). Line from Patney & Westbury Junction to Westbury opened 1900, Great Western Railway, with Lavington station, signal box and adjacent bridge. Station closed 1966. Signal box replaced by ground frame (released from Reading) 1977. Line, ground frame and bridge remain open. Bridge unofficially renamed Chocolate Poodle bridge circa 1970. Next to The Chocolate Poodle, High Street, Littleton Pannell, Devizes SN10 4EL. The pub is closed. The building, located adjacent to the entrance to Littleton Mobile Home Park, now contains rental flats, having previously been a guest house.
Clock House
Station (TQ363695). Line from New Beckenham to Croydon (Addiscombe Road) via Elmers End opened 1864, Mid-Kent Railway. Clock House station opened 1890, South Eastern Railway. Remains open. The nearby Clock House, 205 Beckenham Road, Beckenham BR3 4PT was a modern replacement for the original pub, but it was closed and demolished circa 2006 to make way for flats.
Coronation
Viaduct (TQ303778). Opened 1848, London & South Western Railway, part of the Waterloo Arches. Remains open. The source of the name is uncertain § but given that the line was opened a decade after the Coronation of Queen Victoria, it seems likely to have been named after an existing landmark, possibly a pub. In the late 19th century or early 20th century the railway company constructed Coronation Buildings adjacent to the line, to house railway employees and local residents displaced by the widening of the line: this may have been on or near the site of the Coronation pub. Coronation Buildings was demolished in the 1980s and the site is now occupied by offices at 66 South Lambeth Road, London SW8 1RL.
Craven Arms
Station (SO432831) and signal box (SO432828). Line from Shrewsbury to Ludlow opened 1852, with level crossing at Long Lane. Craven Arms station opened 1853, to serve the coaching inn, the Craven Arms Hotel, Shrewsbury Road, Craven Arms SY7 9QJ, which was a traffic generator for several small communities in the area. A substantial village has grown up around the station and inn, taking its name from them. Station renamed Craven Arms & Stokesay, 1879. Renamed back to Craven Arms, 1974. Central Wales Junction created 1860 with opening of Knighton Railway. Long Lane Crossing renamed Craven Arms Crossing, unknown date. Control of Central Wales Junction transferred to Craven Arms Crossing Signal Box, unknown date. Level crossing abolished (replaced by underbridge), signal box retained to control junction, unknown date. Both lines, station and signal box remain open.
Cricket Inn
Tunnel (SK363876), see Nunnery Tunnel. Runs under Cricket Inn Road. The Cricket Inn from which the road takes its name was considerably further from the city centre, apparently in an area now occupied by retail and industrial units near the A57 Sheffield Parkway §.
Cross Hands (Newport)
Tram stop (ST334881). Opened 1895, Newport Tramways Company, as terminus of horse tram route from Town Centre. Line electrified and extended to Borough Boundary 1930, Newport Corporation Tramways. Line closed 1930. Near the Cross Hands Hotel, 446 Chepstow Rd, Newport NP19 8JF.
Cross Hands (Pilning)
Halt (ST558851). Line from Bristol to New Passage Pier opened 1863, Bristol & South Wales Union Railway, section beyond Pilning Junction closed 1886 with the opening of the Severn Tunnel. Section of closed lined reopened 1900 by Great Western Railway as part of its route to Avonmouth via Severn Beach. Halt opened 1928, closed 1964. Line closed 1968. Near the Cross Hands Inn, Cross Hands Road, Pilning, Bristol BS35 4JB.
Cross Inn (Ammanford)
Station (SN631120). Line from Pontardulais to Garnant opened 1840, Llanelly Railway & Dock Company. Station opened 1850. Renamed Ammanford 1883 (Ammanford itself having been created as a community in 1880). Closed 1958. Not to be confused with present Ammanford station, which was Tirydail until 1960. Line remains open for freight. Near the Cross Inn which stood at the junction of the Llandeilo Road (now College Street) and High Street. The Inn was demolished in the 1890s.
Cross Inn (Llanfihangel-ar-Arth)
Station (SN453392). Line from Pencader Junction to Strata Florida opened 1866, Manchester & Milford Railway. Station opened 1871, renamed New Quay Road 1874, renamed Bryn Teify 1916, closed 1965. Line closed 1973. Next to the Cross Inn Hotel, Llanfihangel-Ar-Arth, Pencader SA39 9HX.
Cross Inn (Pontyclun)
Station (ST055830). Line from Llantrisant station (now Pontyclun) to Tonteg Junction opened 1863, Llantrisant & Taff Vale Junction Railway. Station opened 1871, closed 1952. Line remains open for freight as far as Cwm Llantwit. Station near the Cross Inn Hotel, Main Road, Cross Inn, Pontyclun CF72 8AZ. A small community has grown up around the pub and takes its name from it.
Cross Keys (Glanamman)
Station (SN675137). Line from Pontardulais to Garnant opened 1840, Llanelly Railway & Dock Company. Station opened 1851. Renamed Glanamman 1884. Closed 1958. Line remains open for freight. Near the Cross Keys, 78 Cwmamman Road, Glanamman, Ammanford SA18 1DZ.
Cross Keys (Hednesford)
Junction (about SK001112). Opened 1881, London & North Western Railway, for freight only. Point of connection with the private rail network of Hednesford Colliery. Line closed 1964 when colliery traffic ceased. Near The Cross Keys, 42 Hill Street, Hednesford, Cannock WS12 2DN.
Cross Keys (Newport)
Station (ST220920). Opened 1855, Monmouthshire Railway & Canal Company. Closed 1962. Line remained open for freight. Line and station reopened for passenger traffic 2007. Near the Cross Keys Hotel, High Street, Cross Keys, Newport, NP11 7BY. A sizeable community has grown up around the station and pub, and takes its name from them.
Cross Keys (Sutton Bridge)
Bridge (TF482210). Line from Sutton Bridge to Kings Lynn with railway on existing road bridge opened 1864, Lynn & Sutton Bridge Railway. Bridge replaced by new combined road and rail swing bridge 1897, Midland & Great Northern Joint Railway. Railway closed 1959. Bridge remains in use for road traffic as part of A17. Name probably taken from Cross Keys Wash, an arm of The Wash (reputedly where King John lost his jewels in 1216) that existed in the area until drained in the 1860s and the River Nene confined to its present channel. There may have been two pubs with the name. An 1810 Ordnance Survey map shows a Cross Keys Inn on the west bank of Cross Keys Wash. This is near, and may be the same building as, the Wash House Inn recorded in the 1830s at the end of the then new first road bridge; the latter building is the present day Bridge Inn. There was a Cross Keys Tavern in the village of Walpole on the East side of Cross Keys Wash, about 3km from the present bridge, later the Cross Keys Inn and now closed, although the building remains.
Crymmych Arms
Station (SN184340). Opened 1875, Whitland & Taf Vale Railway. Closed 1962. Line closed 1963. Near the Crymych Arms, Crymych, SA41 3RJ. Note the slightly changed modern spelling.

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D

Dartmouth Arms
Station (TQ354729). Opened 1839, London & Croydon Railway. Renamed Forest Hill 1845. Near The Dartmouth Arms, 7 Dartmouth Road, London SE23 3HN.
Dolphin
Junction (approx SU987800). Line from London to Maidenhead opened 1838, Great Western Railway, a broad gauge line. Converted to mixed gauge 1861, standard gauge 1892. Dolphin Junction opened, date unknown, as crossovers between Main and Relief lines. Remains open. Near the Dolphin Tavern, site now occupied by the Premier Inn Slough Hotel, 76 Uxbridge Road, Slough SL1 1SU.
Durham Ox
Junction and level crossing (SK978708). Junction created 1848 / 1849 at the intersection of the Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire and Great Northern Railways east of Lincoln. Name later changed (date uncertain) to Pelham Street Junction / Crossing. Line from Lincoln Saint Marks closed 1985, other lines remain open. Next to the Durham Ox Inn, which no longer exists. The area has been completely altered by the construction of a new main road which passes above the junction.

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E

Eclipse Inn
Tram stop (approx SK422479). Opened 1913, Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Tramways Company. Closed 1932. Near the Eclipse Inn, High Street, Loscoe, Heanor DE75 7LE. Pub remains open.
Elephant & Castle
Station (TQ311790) and underground station. Opened 1861, London, Chatham & Dover Railway, to the north of the New Kent Road; relocated to its present site 1863. Opened 1900, City & South London Railway (now the City branch of the Northern Line). Opened 1906, Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (now the Bakerloo Line). Named after a famous nearby pub first recorded in the 18th century. The pub has now disappeared and its precise location is difficult to track down §. The Elephant & Castle, Newington Causeway, London SE1 6BN is a modern pub located nearby.
Elm Tree
Tram stop (TQ311790). Opened 1994, South Yorkshire Supertram, as Manor Top / Elm Tree. Near the Elm Tree, 980 City Road, Sheffield S12 2AB. Pub closed circa 2009.

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F

Falcon
Junction (TQ272753) of the West London Extension Railway (opened in 1863) with the existing lines of the London, Brighton & South Coast Railway, just south of Clapham Junction station. Falcon Junction (also known as Clapham Junction South) is near The Falcon, 2 St John’s Hill, London SW11 1RU.
Fighting Cocks
Station (NZ342142). The Stockton & Darlington Railway opened in 1825. Middleton & Dinsdale station opened 1838. Renamed Fighting Cocks 1866. Closed 1887. Line closed 1964. Near the Fighting Cocks Hotel, Darlington Road, Middleton Saint George, Darlington DL2 1JT.
Fleece Inn
Steam Tramway Halt (approx TF500791). Opened 1884, Alford & Sutton Tramway. Closed 1889. Next to the Fleece Inn at Hannah, located at the junction of Sutton Road and Crawcroft Lane. Building remains, but is no longer a pub. See also Jolly Bacchus.
Fleur de Lis
Platform (approx ST156965). Line from Bassaleg, near Newport, to Pengam opened 1865, Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway. Fleur de Lis Platform opened 1926, closed 1962. This section of the line closed 1967. It is recorded that Fleur de Lis village, created in 1896, was named after a pub on the River Rhymney, but nothing seems to be known regarding the fate of that establishment §.
Four Ashes
Station (SJ917084). Opened 1837, Grand Junction Railway. Station closed 1959, signal box retained as block post. Signal box closed circa 1965, up goods loop retained, operated from Wolverhampton PSB. Line remains open. About ¼ mile from the Four Ashes Inn, Station Drive, Four Ashes, Wolverhampton WV10 7BU.
Four Crosses
Station (SJ271184). Opened 1860, Oswestry & Newtown Railway. Line and station closed 1965. Near the Four Crosses Inn, Four Crosses, Llanymynech SY22 6RE. Pub closed some time after 2009. The community that grew up around the inn and station takes its name from them.
Fox & Hounds
Tram terminus (approx NZ211650). Opened unknown date prior to 1928 §, Newcastle Corporation Tramways. Closed by 1949 §. Near the Fox & Hounds, West Road, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE5 2ER.

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G

Gate Inn
Tram stop (approx SK419502). Opened 1913, Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Tramways Company. Closed 1932. Near the Gate Inn, 137 Codnor Gate, Codnor, Ripley DE5 9QW.
Glass House Inn
Tram stop (approx SK419499). Opened 1913, Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Tramways Company. Closed 1932. Near the Glass House Inn. Pub was demolished in the 1960s, site now occupied by Ce Bella Bar & Restaurant, 38 Glass House Hill, Codnor, Ripley DE5 9QT.
Great Northern Hotel
Halt (approx J182178, Irish grid). Opened 1877, Warrenpoint & Rostrevor Tramway, a 34 inch (864 mm) gauge tramway. Line closed 1915. Halt next to the Mourne Hotel, later renamed the Great Northern Hotel, Rostrevor. Hotel destroyed by fire in the 1970s.
Grey Horse
Halt (approx NZ228357). Line from Phoenix Pit to Stockton opened 1825, Stockton & Darlington Railway, initially as a freight only line with no passenger service. Grey Horse opened as a boarding point for passengers circa 1831 by Daniel Adamson, a private contractor to the Railway Company who commenced regular operation of the horse drawn passenger carriage Perseverance over the Company’s line from Shildon to Darlington. In 1833, the Company commenced its own passenger operation, utilizing the premises of another nearby pub, the Masons Arms, which thus effectively became the first Shildon railway station. The original carriage depot opened by Adamson opposite the Grey Horse pub became a goods station. A new Shildon station was opened on its present day site in 1842, and the original station closed. The line between the new Shildon station and Phoenix Pit, which passed by the Grey Horse and the Masons Arms, was closed in 1858. Pub remains open: the Grey Horse, 2 Byerley Road, Shildon DL4 1JQ.

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H

Harrington Arms (Alvaston)
Tram terminus (approx SK385335). Opened 1904, Derby Corporation Tramways. Closed 1932. Near the Harrington Arms. The site of the original pub is now occupied by a row of shops located immediately to the east of a more recent pub, the Harrington Arms, 1240 London Road, Alvaston, Derby DE24 8QP. The latter pub closed in 2012.
The Hawthorns
Station and tram stop (SP025897). Line from Birmingham (Snow Hill) to Wolverhampton (Joint, later Low Level) opened 1854, Great Western Railway. Handsworth Junction created and line from Handsworth Junction to Smethick Junction (Stourbridge Railway) opened 1867, Great Western Railway. The Hawthorns halt opened near Handsworth Junction 1931. Both lines and station closed 1972. Line from Birmingham (Snow Hill) to Smethwick Junction reopened 1995, British Rail, with new station on the site of the original halt. Midland Metro opened 1999 from Birmingham (Snow Hill) to Wolverhampton (St George’s), largely following the route of the original railway line, and with its own platforms at The Hawthorns. Although there was a pub named The Hawthorns nearby (at the junction of Halfords Lane and Birmingham Road), both pub and station take their name from the adjacent West Bromwich Albion football ground. The pub is now part of the football club property.
Holland Arms
Station (SH471726). Line from Gaerwen to Amlwch opened 1865, Anglesey Central Railway, with Holland Arms station. Station closed 1952. Line closed 1993, though there are proposals to reopen it as a tourist and local service line. Near the Holland Arms Hotel, Pentre Berw, Gaerwen LL60 6HY.
Hollybush
Station (SO166034). Line from Nine Mile Point, near Newport, to Sirhowy opened 1863, Sirhowy Railway. Station opened 1891. Closed 1960. Line closed 1969. Near the Hollybush Inn, Railway Terrace, Hollybush, Blackwood NP12 0SJ. Pub closed, building remains as a private house, Yr Hen Llwyncelyn (trans: The Old Hollybush). The community that has grown up around the inn and station takes its name from them.
Hope & Anchor
Tram stop (approx SK295205). Opened 1906, Burton & Ashby Light Railway. Closed 1927. Near the Hope & Anchor, now The Anchor, 211 High Street, Newhall, Swadlincote DE11 0EA.
Horse & Jockey (Arnold)
Tram stop (approx SK587457). Opened 1915, Nottingham Corporation Tramways. Closed 1936. Near the Horse & Jockey, 91 Front Street, Arnold, Nottingham NG5 7EB.
Horse & Jockey (Thurles)
Station (S150515, Irish grid). Opened 1880, Southern Railway (of Ireland). Closed to passengers 1963 and to freight 1967. Near the Horse & Jockey Inn, Thurles, Co Tipperary. The station served the pub and local traffic, including bringing supplies to the pub. Although Thurles is the postal address, the Inn is actually located about 5 miles south east of the town. A small community has sprung up around the Inn, taking from it the English name of Horse & Jockey (in Gaelic An Marcach, The Jockey). The original Inn has been extended into a large hotel complex, the Horse & Jockey Hotel.
Houldsworth Arms
Tram stop (SJ894933). Line from Stockport opened 1902, Stockport Corporation Transport. Extended to Bull’s Head 1903. Closed 1946. Near the Houldsworth Arms, 1 Houldsworth Square, Stockport SK5 7AF.

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J

Jolly Bacchus
Steam Tramway Terminus (TF520819). Opened 1884 by the Alford & Sutton Tramway, a 30 inch (762 mm) gauge line connecting Sutton on Sea with the East Lincolnshire Railway at Alford. The standard gauge Sutton & Willoughby Railway reached Sutton in 1886, and the tramway survived only a further few years, closing completly in 1889. The Sutton terminus was next to the Jolly Bacchus Inn, now the Bacchus Hotel, 17 High Street, Sutton on Sea, Mablethorpe LN12 2EY.
Jolly Sailor
Station (TQ341684). Opened 1839, London & Croydon Railway. Renamed Norwood, 1846. Closed 1859, when a new station (Norwood Junction) was opened a little further south. Near the Jolly Sailor, 64 High Street, London SE25 6EB.

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K

King William
Goods station (approx SD730146). Line from Bolton to Darwen opened 1848, Bolton, Blackburn, Clitheroe & West Yorkshire Railway. Station probably opened same date. Known active 1913. Closed, unknown date. Line remains open. Near The King William Hotel, 245 Chapeltown Road, Bromley Cross, Bolton BL7 9AN.

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L

Lamb, The
Tram stop (approx O018193, Irish Grid). Opened 1888, Dublin & Blessington Steam Tramway. Line and stop closed 1933. Near The Lamb, an old coaching inn. The inn closed during the life of the tramway; the date of closure is unclear, but it is reported to have been demolished some time before 1920. An adjacent minor Road is known as Lamb Hill. The location of the old tram stop on the roue of Dublin Bus service 65 was officially The Lamb until the early 21st century; it is now called Blessington Road Antique shop.
Leatherne Bottel
Bridge (SU602824). Line from Reading to Didcot opened 1840, Great Western Railway. Broad gauge line, converted to dual gauge 1856 and standard gauge 1892. Widened from 2 tracks to 4 tracks and bridge extended 1893. Bridge reconstructed to allow clearance for overhead electrification 2011. near the Leatherne Bottel, Bridle Way, Goring, Reading RG8 0HS.

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M

Malt Shovel
Tram stop (SK341182). Opened 1906, Burton & Ashby Light Railway. Closed 1927. Near the Malt Shovel, later the Annwell Inn, now the Tap House, Annwell Lane, Smisby, Ashby-de-la-Zouch LE65 2TA.
Manor House
Underground station (TQ321875). Opened 1932, London Electric Railway. Now part of the Piccadilly Line. Next to the Manor House, 277 Seven Sisters Road, London N4 2DE. The pub was later a night club and is now closed. The ground floor is occupied by retail premises, the largest of which is Costcutter.
Marine Hotel
Tram stop (approx O260392, Irish grid). Opened 1901, Hill of Howth Tramway, an Irish standard gauge electric tramway wholly owned by the Great Northern Railway of Ireland. Line closed 1959. Stop was next to the Strand Hotel, later renamed the Marine Hotel, Sutton Cross, Dublin 13.
Marquis (or Marquess) of Granby
See Waterloo Arches
Marquis of Wellington
Viaduct (approx TQ337795). Another section of the long elevated route opened in 1836 to carry the London & Greenwich Railway over the streets of South East London (see Blue Anchor). This section is named after the adjacent Marquis of Wellington, 21 Druid Street, London SE1 2HH. The present building appears to be early 20th century style and may be a replacement for the original building §.
Masons Arms
Level Crossing (NZ228256). Line from Phoenix Pit, Low Etherley via St Helen Auckland, Shildon and Darlington (North Road) to Stockton opened 1825, Stockton & Darlington Railway, with level crossing. Next to the Masons Arms pub, later the New Masons, Byerley Road, Shildon DL4 1HH. On 27th September, 1825, a train of good wagons travelled from Phoenix Pit, horse drawn on the level sections and rope worked on each of four inclines, to a point at or near the Masons Arms in Shildon, where they joined a waiting passenger train hauled by the steam railway engine Locomotion for the journey to Stockton. Although steam haulage had been used previously on colliery railways, this was the first ever steam train to carry fare paying passengers, thus starting a new era in transport and ensuring the Stockton & Darlington a place in history. The Masons Arms sold tickets for the railway, and continued to do so until about 1833, when the first proper station in Shildon was opened a short distance to the east, along what is now Station Road. In 1842, the Shildon Tunnel Railway (joint Stockton & Darlington and Bishop Auckland & Weardale) opened to the east of the town, and a new station on the present site replaced the 1833 construction. The tunnel was named Prince of Wales Tunnel in honour of the then Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII). In 1856 the Stockton & Darlington opened a new line from the north end of the tunnel to St Helen Auckland, thus bypassing a section of the original line with the two Brusselton inclines. The latter section closed a couple of years later, except for a short length in Shildon giving access to the Stockton & Darlington works on the west side of Byerley Road, beyond the level crossing. Works and level crossing closed around 1984. Pub closed around 2008.
Mitre
Tram terminus (SK348341). Opened 1923, Derby Corporation Tramways. Closed 1932. Next to the Mitre Hotel, Osmaston Road, Derby DE24 8NG.
Moorcock
Tunnel (SD793930) and viaduct (SD793922). Opened 1875, Midland Railway. Remain open. The viaduct is more usually known as Dandry Mire, or Garsdale, viaduct. A short distance from the Moorcock Inn, Garsdale, Sedbergh LA10 5PU
Mourne Hotel
See Great Northern Hotel

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New Cross
Two stations: TQ362770, station opened 1839, London & Croydon Railway. East London Railway connection opened 1869, with its own station named New Cross Gate. East London line station closed 1911, services transferred to main line station. Main line station renamed New Cross Gate, 1923. TQ367771, station opened 1850, South Eastern Railway. East London Railway connection opened 1876. Both stations remain open. Near the New Cross Inn, 323 New Cross Road, London SE14 6AS.
New Inn (Glyn Ceiriog)
Station (SJ202377). Opened 1874, Glyn Valley Tramway, a 28¼ inch (718 mm) gauge line. Closed 1886 when the route of the line was altered slightly in order to extend to Hendre Quarry. A new station (Glynceiriog) opened nearby 1891, closed 1933. Entire line closed 1935. Near the New Inn, now the Glyn Valley Hotel, Glyn Ceiriog, Llangollen LL20 7EU.
New Inn (Rosebush)
Halt (SN061299). Line from Rosebush to Letterston opened 1895, North Pembrokeshire & Fishguard Railway. New Inn Bridge Halt opened 1929, closed 1937. Line closed 1949. Near the New Inn, Rosebush, Clynderwen SA66 7RA. Pub closed, now a private house, Yr Hen Dafarn Newydd (trans: The Old New Inn).
New Inn (Wortley)
Tram terminus (approx SE262331). Opened unknown date §, Leeds City Tramways. Closed 1956. Near the New Inn, 336 Tong Road, Leeds LS12 3TN. Pub closed circa 2012.
Newlands Inn
Station (SK422513). Opened circa 1991, Golden Valley Light Railway, a 2 foot (610 mm) gauge tourist line. Remains open. Near the Newlands Inn, Golden Valley, Riddings, Alfreton DE55 4ES. Pub closed by 2008.
Normanton Hotel
Tram stop (SK351347). Opened 1881, Derby Corporation Tramways, as the terminus of a horse drawn tram route from the town centre. Line converted to electric traction and extended to Cavendish 1904. Line and stop closed 1934. The Normanton Hotel stood at the junction of Pear Tree Road and Lower Dale Road. The original building is now occupied by a row of shops, the largest of which is the Medina Pharmacy.
North Pole
Junction (TQ229819) and Eurostar servicing depot. The junction was created in 1863, when the Great Western Railway opened a chord connecting its 1838 Main Line at Old Oak East Junction with the 1844 West London Railway at North Pole Juction. A third line, from the London & North Western Railway at Mitre Bridge Junction, reached North Pole in 1860. The original connection from the Great Western Main Line at Ladbroke Grove Junction. closed in 1869, and the connection to Old Oak East Junction in 1990. Junction reinstated 1994 providing connection to Eurostar servicing depot, located alongside the former Great Western Main Line. Depot and junction closed 2007. Near the North Pole, 13-15 North Pole Road, London W10 6QH. The pub was rebuilt some time during the 19th century, replacing an earlier pub on the same site; the new building was sometimes referred to as the New North Pole. A local legend that may or may not have a basis in fact tells the history of the name: an inn named The Globe stood on the site from the 18th century, it had for its sign a globe of the world. Over time, the globe was weathered away until only the North Pole was left - and this became the name by which the pub was known. Pub reopened after standing empty for a number of years, but closed again 2013. Now a branch of Tesco Express.

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Oak Tree
Junction (NZ354137). The Stockton & Darlington Railway opened in 1825. Oak Tree Junction created 1887 with the opening of a more southerly route to the East Coast Main Line via Dinsdale. Ceased to be a junction in 1964 with the closure of the northerly route via Fighting Cocks. About ¾ mile from the Oak Tree Inn, Yarm Road, Middleton Saint George, Darlington DL2 1HN.
Old Colonial
Tram stop (SJ322893). Opened circa 1995, Wirral Transport Museum. Tram services are provided by the Merseyside Tramway Preservation Society. Tram stop is near the Taylor Street Museum and the Old Colonial, 167 Bridge Street, Birkenhead CH41 1AY.
Old Roan
Station (SJ370993). Line from Liverpool to Lostock Hall opened 1849, East Lancashire Railway. Old Road station opened 1907, Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, closed 1909. Reopened 1935, London, Midland and Scottish Railway. Remains open. Next to the Old Roan Inn, Copy Lane, Bootle L30 8RD.
Old Swan
Station (SJ404913) and tram stop (approx SJ394911). Old Swan & Knotty Ash station opened 1879, Cheshire Lines Committee. Renamed Knotty Ash & Stanley, 1888. Closed 1960. Line closed 1975. Tram stop opened, dated uncertain §. Closed circa 1955. Tram stop near The Old Swan, 1-5 Saint Oswalds Street, Liverpool L13 5SA; station about ½ mile distant. The surrounding area has taken its name from the pub.

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Pilot
Station (TR090186). Opened 1928, Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway, a 15 inch (381 mm) gauge miniature line. Station closed 1984. Line remains open. Next to the Pilot Inn, Battery Road, Lydd on Sea, Romney Marsh TN29 9NJ.
Portland Arms
Tram stop (approx SK539609). Opened 1905, Mansfield & District Light Railway Company. Closed 1932. Near the Portland Arms, 21 Albert Street, Mansfield NG18 1EA. Pub closed circa 2013.
Portsmouth Arms
Station (SS631193). Opened 1854, North Devon Railway & Dock Company, a broad gauge line. Converted to mixed gauge 1863, standard gauge 1877. Remains open. Near the Portsmouth Arms Hotel, Burrington, Umberleigh EX37 9ND.
Punch Bowl
Viaduct (SD646694). Opened 1850, North Western Railway. Remains open. Near the Punch Bowl Hotel, Lower Bentham, Lancaster LA2 7DD.
Puss in Boots
Station (SK320449). Proposed name changed to Hazelwood prior to opening in 1867 by the Midland Railway. Station closed and passenger services ceased on the line 1947. Freight traffic ceased circa 1990. Line reopened as a tourist operation 2011, Ecclesbourne Valley Railway, but station remains closed. Station about ¼ mile from the Puss in Boots, Wirksworth Road, Duffield, Belper DE56 4AQ.
Pyewipe
Junction (SK952719). Line from Lincoln to Gainsborough opened 1849, Great Northern Railway. Pyewipe Junction created with line to Boultham Junction (for Lincoln avoiding line) 1882, Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway. Line from Pyewipe Junction to High Marnham opened 1896, Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway, closed 1980. Other lines remain open. Near the Pyewipe Inn, Saxilby Rd, Lincoln LN1 2BG.

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Queens Head (Dolywern)
Station (SJ221372). Opened 1874, Glyn Valley Tramway, a 28¼ inch (718 mm) gauge line. Closed 1886. In 1888 when the route of the line was diverted slightly towards the south. Station on the new route (Dolywern) opened 1891, closed 1933. Entire line closed 1935. The former Queens Head Inn is now the Cartref Dyffryn Ceiriog Cheshire Home, Dolywern, Pontfadog, Llangollen LL20 7AF.
Queens Head (Birmingham)
Sidings and viaduct (SP038892). Line from Birmingham Snow Hill to Handsworth opened 1854, Great Western Railway. Closed 1972. Reopened 1994, British Rail. Sidings opened, unknown date, probably circa 1994. Viaduct opened 1999, Midland Metro. About ½ mile from the Queens Head, 379 Soho Road, Birmingham B21 9SF. Pub closed, now Big John’s takeaway.

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R

Raven
Level crossing (SN688132) and junction (SN691132). Line from Garnant to Gwaun-cae-Gurwen opened 1841, Llanelly Railway & Dock Company, with Raven level crossing. Raven Junction created 1907 when the Great Western Railway opened a new line bypassing part of the earlier (but not the level crossing). Part of original line closed 1907, remaining section closed 1950. Newer line (and level crossing) remain open for freight. Crossing and junction near the Raven Inn, 82 Cwmamman Road, Garnant, Ammanford SA18 1ND.
Red Cow
(Gaelic: Na Bó Deirge) Tram station and depot (O085310, Irish grid). Opened 2004, Luas. Near the 17th Century Red Cow Inn, once a coaching inn and now part of a bar and hotel complex: The Red Cow Moran Hotel, Naas Road, Dublin 22.
Red Lion (Garnant)
Level crossing and halt (SN696124). Line from Raven Junction to Gwaun-cae-Gurwen opened 1907, Great Western Railway, bypassing an earlier line of the Llanelly Railway & Dock Company. Red Lion Crossing was near the pub of that name. Red Lion Crossing Halt opened 1908, closed 1926. Line ceased to carry traffic circa 1988, resumed in 2009, although never officially closed. The pub, which stood alongside what is now the A474 at the border of Garnant and Gwaun-cae-Gurwen, was closed and demolished, possibly as long ago as the first half of the 20th Century §.
Red Lion (Mansfield)
Tram stop (approx SK534610). Opened 1905, Mansfield & District Light Railway Company. Closed 1932. Near the Red Lion, 2 Bancroft Lane, Mansfield NG18 5LQ.
Rising Sun
Tram stop (SK294182). Opened 1906, Burton & Ashby Light Railways. Closed 1927. Next to the Rising Sun, 77 Church Street, Church Gresley, Swadlincote DE11 9NR.
Roebuck
Station (SD513398). Opened 1840, Lancaster & Preston Junction Railway. Closed 1849. Line remains open. Near the Roebuck, Garstang Road, Bilsborrow, Preston PR3 0RE.
Royal George
Tunnel (SD983036). Opened 1885, London & North Western Railway with its line from Stalybridge to Diggle via the East bank of the River Tame, built to relieve traffic on its earlier line on the opposite site of the valley. Newer line (and Royal George Tunnel) closed 1966, original line remains open. Tunnel ran almost directly below The Royal George, Manchester Road, Greenfield, Oldham OL3 7HX.
Royal Hotel
Tram stop (NZ396575). Opened 1879, Sunderland Tramways Company, as the terminus of a horse tram route from Roker. Line extended southwards later same year. Electrified 1900, Sunderland Corporation Tramways. Closed 1954. Near the Royal Hotel, which stood at the junction of Bridge Street and Sheepfolds Road. The site now forms part of the forecourt of St Peter’s Metro station. The former line of Sheepfolds Road can be followed as a foot and cycle path under the station.
Royal Oak (Filey)
Three junctions (TA106780, TA110780, TA109785). Line from Filey to Bridlington opened 1847, York & North Midland Railway. Junctions created 1947, London & North Eastern Railway, with the opening of the branch to Filey Holiday Camp. Branch closed and junctions out of use 1977. Main line remains open. The North Junction was near the Royal Oak Hotel, Royal Oak, Filey YO14 9QE.
Royal Oak (London)
Station (TQ259816). Opened 1871, Great Western Railway, to serve trains on the branch to Hammersmith which it owned jointly with the Metropolitan Railway. There were no platforms on the main line. The Hammersmith branch and the Royal Oak platforms are now part of the Hammersmith & City line of the London Underground. Near the Royal Oak pub. The pub was renamed in 2007 and is now The Porchester, 88 Bishops Bridge Road, London W2 5AA.
Rufford Arms
Tram stop (approx SK524624). Opened 1905, Mansfield & District Light Railway Company. Closed 1932. Near the Rufford Arms, now the Rufford, 335 Chesterfield Road South, Mansfield NG19 7ES.
Rutland Hotel
Tram stop (approx SK464425). Opened 1903, Ilkeston Corporation Tramways. Closed 1931. Near the Rutland Hotel on Lower Bath Street. Hotel now demolished, Aldi supermarket is close to the original location.
Rye House
Station (TL385098). Opened 1843, Northern & Eastern Railway. The line was originally constructed to a gauge of 5ft, but was converted to standard gauge the following year. Remains open. On the opposite side of the River Lea from the Rye House, Rye Road, Hoddesdon EN11 0EH. The pub stands near the site of the 15th century Rye House, of which only the gatehouse remains.

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S

Salutation
Junction (approx ST312873). Line opened 1852, Monmouthshire Railway & Canal Company, from the company’s original terminus at Courtybella, running via Cardiff Road and George Street to a new terminus at Dock Street. Salutation Junction created 1855 (coincidentally just a few yards from where the author of these pages was born), with freight only line to Llanarth Street Junction running via Ebenezer Terrace. Passenger services ceased 1880 (diverted to High Street station). Line to Llanarth Street Junction closed 1907, Salutation Junction abolished. Remaining line via Cardiff Road and George Street closed unknown date, probably 1950s. The Salutation Inn (later the Salutation Hotel) stood at the junction of Cardiff Road and Commercial Road (approx ST313875). It was demolished in 1963.
Saracen
Two separate goods stations: The pub name derivation here is rather indirect: the goods stations are named after the Saracen Foundry of Walter McFarlane & Company, which they served. The Foundry was given its name because the McFarlane’s original works had been in Saracen Head Road, off Gallowgate. This road in turn took its name from the neighbouring coaching inn, famous as the place where Dr Johnson, on his return from his Highland tour, rejoiced to find himself sitting once more in front of a coal fire. That building still stands, though no longer a public house.
Sea Trout
Halt (approx SX792638). Line opened 1872, Buckfastleigh, Totnes & South Devon Railway, broad gauge. Converted to standard gauge 1892, Great Western Railway. Halt opened as Nappers Halt alight for Sea Trout Inn unknown date, Great Western Railway. Halt closed by 1958. Line closed 1962. Line and halt reopened 1969, Dart Valley Railway (South Devon Railway from 1991). The halt remained open as a request stop until 2005 or later, but is believed to be now out of use for safety reasons. About 200m from the Sea Trout Inn, Staverton, Totnes TQ9 6PA.
Seven Stars
Station (approx SJ224076). Opened 1903, Welshpool & Llanfair Light Railway, a 30 inch (762 mm) gauge line. Closed 1931. Line closed 1963. Much of the Welshpool & Llanfair route was subsequently reopened as a tourist operation, but not the section through Seven Stars station. The pub stood in Welshpool at the junction of Seven Stars Road and Union Road. Ironically, it was demolished in 1902 to make way for the railway.
Six Bells (Abertillery)
Halt (SO221031). Line from Aberbeeg to Nantyglo opened 1855, Monmouthshire Railway & Canal Company. Halt opened 1937, closed 1962. Line closed 1984. Near the Six Bells Hotel, Victoria Road, Six Bells, Abertillery NP13 2LX. A sizeable community has grown up around the pub and takes its name from it.
Six Bells (Garndiffaith)
Halt (SO267045). Line from Blaenavon to Abersychan opened 1878, London & North Western Railway. Halt opened 1912. Renamed Garndiffaith 1922. Closed 1941. Line closed 1980. Near the Six Bells pub, which was located on the northwest side of Harper’s Road, next to the railway bridge. Building still stands, now converted into flats.
Spade Oak
Level crossing (SU884874). Line from Marlow Road (now Bourne End) to Great Marlow (now Marlow) opened 1873, Great Marlow Railway, with level crossing. Remains open. Near The Spade Oak Hotel, Coldmoorholme Lane, Bourne End SL8 5PS.
Spa Hotel
Tram stop (approx O019353, Irish Grid). Opened 1890, Lucan, Leixlip & Celbridge Steam Tramway, a 3ft (914mm) gauge line. Closed 1897. Doddsborough Spa Hotel reopened 1910, as the terminus of a new 3ft 6in (1067mm) gauge line, the Lucan & Leixlip Electric Railway. Closed 1928. Near the Spa Hotel, now the Lucan Spa Hotel, Lucan, Co Dublin.
Spread Eagle (London)
See Waterloo Arches
Spread Eagle (Stafford)
Station (SJ914105). Opened 1837, Grand Junction Railway. Renamed Gailey, 1881. Closed 1951. Line remains open as part of the Birmingham loop of the West Coast Main Line. Near the Spread Eagle, Watling Street, Gailey, Stafford ST19 5PN.
Stag & Castle Inn
Station (SK458080). Opened 1832, Leicester & Swannington Railway. Closed 1841. Line closed 1848, being replaced by a new alignment opened by the Midland Railway immediately to the west, avoiding the Bagworth incline on the original route. Station near the Stag & Castle Inn. The building survives but has not been in use as a pub for many years.
Stanhope
Tram stop (SK284221). Opened 1906, Burton & Ashby Light Railways. Closed 1927. Next to the Stanhope Arms, now part of the Premier Inn Burton on Trent East, 82 Ashby Road East, Bretby, Burton-on-Trent DE15 0PU.
Strand Hotel
See Marine Hotel
Swan Hotel
Tram stop (SK258232). Opened 1903, Burton Corporation Tramways. Closed 1929. From 1906 to 1927, the stop was also served by cars of the Burton & Ashby Light Railways. Next to the Swan Hotel, Trent Bridge, Burton-on-Trent DE14 1SU. Pub closed circa 2008, now offices and flats.
Swiss Cottage
Underground stations (TQ267843). Original station opened 1868, Metropolitan Railway, with line from Baker Street. Line extended to Willesden Green, 1879. Station closed 1940. Line remains open. Second station opened 1939, London Passenger Transport Board, as part of the Bakerloo line extension. Now part of the Jubilee Line. Near the Swiss Tavern, now Ye Olde Swiss Cottage, 98 Finchley Road, London NW3 5EL. The pub itself is said to take its name from a cottage which formed part of a farmstead. The cottage, later a restaurant, was demolished in the 1960s.

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Three Cocks
Junction station (SO167372). Opened 1884 at the junction of the Mid Wales and the Hereford, Hay & Brecon Railways. Station and both lines closed 1962. About ½ mile from the Three Cocks Hotel, Three Cocks, Brecon LD3 0SL. A small community has grown up around the station and pub and takes its name from them.
Three Horseshoes
Junction (TL335969). Line from Peterborough to March opened 1846, Eastern Counties Railway. Junction created 1897, Great Eastern Railway, with opening of freight only branch to Burnt House, extended to Benwick the following year. Branch closed and junction out of use 1964, but signal box retained as a block post. Main line remains open. Near the Three Horseshoes, 344 March Road, Turves, Whittlesey, Peterborough PE7 2DN.
Three Tuns
Steam Tramway Halt (TF469766). Opened 1884, Alford & Sutton Tramway. Closed 1889. Next to the Three Tuns, Thurlby Road, Bilsby, Alford LN13 9PU. See also Jolly Bacchus.
Throstle Nest
Junctions (East Junction SJ817965) and tunnel (from junctions to SJ815959). Line from Manchester Central to Liverpool Brunswick opened 1874, Cheshire Lines Committee. Tunnel opened and East Junction created 1880, with opening of Midland Railway line to Heaton Norris. West and South Junctions opened 1906, Cheshire Lines Committee, forming third side of triangle. Connection from East to South Junctions closed 1969. West Junction and remaining section of former Midland Railway line closed 1988. Original Manchester to Liverpool line remains open, now signalled from Manchester Piccadilly power signal box. Tunnel near the Throstles Nest, 122 Seymour Grove, Manchester M16 0FF. Pub closed 2013. Note slightly different spelling of railway features and pub name.
Tram Inn
Station and signal box (SO464336). Opened 1853, Newport, Abergavenny & Hereford Railway. Station closed 1958, signal box retained as block post and to control level crossing. Next to The Tram Inn, Tram Inn, Hereford HR2 9AN. The Tram Inn takes its name from a horse drawn tramway that predated the railway. Thus we have an example of a pub taking its name from a railway, which then gave its name back to a railway feature.
Travellers Rest
Station (approx ST084946). Line from Stormstown Junction to Nelson opened 1841, Taff Vale Railway. Station opened 1901, closed 1932. Line closed 1938. Near the Travellers Rest pub, which stood at the junction of what is now the A4054 with the B4275, opposite Cynon Terrace. Pub demolished, unknown date §. Nearby bus stops on the A4054 are still known as Travellers Rest.
Trouble House
Station (ST914954). Line from Kemble to Tetbury opened 1889, Great Western Railway. Station opened 1959, British Railways. Line closed 1964. Opposite the Trouble House, Tetbury GL8 8SG.

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Union Flag
Viaduct (TQ308790). Opened 1848, London & South Western Railway, part of the Waterloo Arches. Remains open. Near the Union Flag pub. Pub is now the Corner Cafe, 178 Lambeth Road, London SE1 7JY.

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Victory
Level crossing (ST182250). Line from Taunton to Beam Bridge opened 1843, Bristol & Exeter Railway, with level crossing (also known as Allerford Crossing), a broad gauge line. Converted to mixed gauge 1878, standard gauge 1892. Remains open. Near the Victory Inn, now the Allerford Inn, Norton Fitzwarren, Taunton TA4 1AL.

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Waggon & Horses
Tram stop (SJ890958). Line from Manchester opened 1880, Manchester Carriage & Tramways Company, as a horse tram route. Extended to Denton 1883. Electrified 1902. Closed 1948. Near the Waggon & Horses, 736 Hyde Road, Manchester M18 7EF.
Waterloo Arches
Like the London & Greenwich Railway out of London Bridge (see Blue Anchor), the London & South Western Railway line opened out of Waterloo in 1848 was elevated above the surrounded streets. Also like the London Bridge route, many of the viaducts which formed this elevated section appear to have been named after nearby pubs. None of the pubs in question still exist; the following have been identified with reasonable certainty: Coronation, Union Flag, White Lion. I have not to date been able to locate pubs named the Marquess of Granby or the Spread Eagle near to the viaducts bearing those names, although pubs so named are recorded in other parts of the Lambeth area §.
Wellington
Station, cutting and bank (approx J079212, Irish grid). Wellington Inn station opened 1850 as a temporary terminus of the Dublin & Belfast Junction railway, located near the inn of that name for the convenience of passengers making an ongoing connection by road coach. Station closed 1852 when the line was extended (via Wellington Cutting) to Newry Armagh Road. Line remains open. The inn no longer exists. Wellington Bank is the name of the long gradient of the railway rising from Dundalk and passing the site of the inn.
Welsh Harp
Viaduct (TQ226875) and station (approx TQ225876). Line from London St Pancras to Bedford opened 1867, Midland Railway, with viaduct. Station opened 1870, closed 1903. Line and viaduct remain open. Near the Welsh Harp Inn, demolished in 1971 for road widening, site now under West Hendon Broadway flyover. The old coaching inn may have taken its name from the shape of a nearby lake, later enlarged to become Brent Reservoir and also called the Welsh Harp.
Wheat Sheaf
Tram stop and depot (NZ396579). Opened 1879, Sunderland Tramways Company, as a horse tram route and depot. Electrified 1900, Sunderland Corporation Tramways. Closed 1954. Near The Wheat Sheaf, 207 Roker Avenue, Sunderland SR6 0BN. The site of the former tram depot now forms part of the Stagecoach bus depot.
Whistle Inn
Station (SO229101). Line from Brynmawr to Blaenavon opened 1869, London & North Western Railway. Garn yr Erw station (SO228102) opened 1913, closed 1941. Line closed 1954. Partly reopened circa 1983 as a tourist line, Pontypool & Blaenavon Railway, with Whistle Inn station. Next to the Whistle Inn, Garn yr Erw, Blaenavon, Pontypool NP4 9SJ.
White Bear
Station (SD600130). Opened 1869, Lancashire Union Railway. Closed 1960. Line closed 1971. Near the White Bear, 5A Market Street, Adlington, Chorley PR7 4HE.
White Hart
Halt, with separate platforms on 2 lines (ST204891). Line from Bassaleg to Caerphilly opened 1865, Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction, as a single line. Line doubled 1891, with the down line taking a slightly different route between Machen and Gwaunybara, the original line becoming the up line. Station (both platforms) opened 1947, closed 1952. Up line closed 1964, with the down line becoming single line. Line closed completely 1967. Near the White Hart Inn, White Hart, Machen, Caerphilly CF83 8QQ.
White Lion (Ilkeston)
Tram stop (approx SK466413). Opened 1903, Ilkeston Corporation Tramways. Closed 1931. Near the White Lion. Pub now demolished, site occupied by roundabout at the top of Chalons Way.
White Lion (London)
Viaduct (TQ304782). Opened 1848, London & South Western Railway, part of the Waterloo Arches. Remains open. Near the White Lion, 14 Vauxhall High Street. In 1884 the license was transferred to 55 Albert Embankment following the construction of that thoroughfare, but it is not clear whether this was a simple change of address for the existing pub or a new building near to the previous site §. No trace of the pub remains.
White Swan
Coal Depot (approx TG521085). Line from Yarmouth North Quay Junction to Salisbury Road Junction opened 1882, Yarmouth Union Railway. Coal depot opened, unknown date. Line from Salisbury Road Junction closed 1959. Line from North Quay Junction closed 1970, with last rail access to depot. Near the White Swan, North Quay, Great Yarmouth NR30 1PU.
Wilton Arms
Tram stop (SJ902956). Line from Manchester opened 1883, Manchester Carriage & Tramways Company, as a horse tram route. Electrified 1902. Closed 1948. Near the Wilton Arms, Manchester Road, Denton. Pub demolished 1968 for road widening. Site now occupied by the eastbound carriageway of the A57, near the junction with Wilton Paddock.
Woodpecker
Tram stop (approx SE312337). Opened circa 1871, Leeds City Tramways as the terminus of a horse tramway. Line extended and electrified by 1901. Closed 1959. Near the Woodpecker Inn, which stood at the junction of Burmantofts Street and York Road. Original building demolished 1939 and new building with same name opened on the opposite side of York Road. The later building was demolished circa 1990 for road widening.

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Public Houses built to serve the Railway

When the railways were built, pubs were often built near stations to provide rest and refreshment for travellers, and facilities such as hire of carriages and horses to carry them betwen the railway and their final destination, which might be some distance away. Often these pubs were given names connected with the railway. Thus, there are a great many pubs and hotels in Great Britain and Ireland with names like The Station or The Railway. Some are named after old railway companies, such as The Midland or The Great Northern. Others are named after famous trains, for instance The Mallard or The Flying Scotsman.

The Amalgamation, 2 Station Road, Strood, Rochester
(ME2 4AX, TQ738692) is an interesting example as it is not obviously a railway name. In fact, the name commemorates the amalagamation in 1899 of the South Eastern Railway and the London, Chatham & Dover Railway under the umbrella of the South Eastern & Chatham Railway Companies Joint Management Committee. The nearby rail lines originally owned by both railways remain open today, but the pub is closed. The building is now occupied by a hair and beauty salon.

Many other pubs still stand next to the railway they were built to serve, but in some instances the station itself has vanished. In rural areas, traces of the line may remain to explain the pub name, but there are some puzzles. Here are just a few:

The Station Hotel, 106 Derby Road, Loughborough
(LE11 5AG. SK530201) Loughborough has two stations, the station of the national network, formerly known as Loughborough Midland, now simply Loughborough; and Loughborough Central on the Great Central Railway, once a main line railway in its own right but now operating as a preserved railway for tourists and enthusiasts. The Station pub is close to neither of these. The explanation? On an adjacent site, now occupied by industrial units, once stood the Loughborough Derby Road station of the Charnwood Forest Railway, closed to passengers as long ago as 1931 and closed completely in 1955. Although a few of the original buildings remain, they are not readily visible from the main roads and many people are unaware of the line’s existence.
The Railway Inn, Wilne Road, Sawley, Long Eaton
(NG10 3AP. SK472317) is a puzzle because is has never been close to a railway. The nearest line, the Nottingham to Derby line of the Midland Railway, is over ½ mile away - although there was a station called Sawley (near the level crossing on Sawley Road, SK463328) and the present Long Eaton station (SK481322) was originally known as Sawley Junction.
The Terminus, 601 Chatsworth Road, Chesterfield
(S40 3JY. SK356706) again, never near any railway line, but in this instance next to a former terminus (and turn round point) of the Chesterfield Corporation tram system. Unfortunately, this pub at the corner of Chatsworth Road and Storrs Road, once popular with Real Ale enthusiasts, was closed and demolished (circa 2004) to make way for housing.

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Public Houses with a historical Railway connection

Some pubs may have no obvious railway connection, yet have nevertheless played an important part in railway history. For example:

The Sun Inn, 6 Derby Road, Eastwood, Nottingham
(NG16 3NT. SK464470) known as the birthplace of the Midland Railway, because on 4th October, 1832 a group of interested parties including local mine owners met there, and their deliberations led to the formation of the Midland Counties Railway. A plaque commemorates the event. This railway became one of the first components of the railway company that would eventually link the East and North Midlands with London, Bristol and even Scotland.

And here is a pub with a railway connection that is far from obvious:

The Albion, 86 Armley Road, Leeds
(LS12 2EJ. SE283335) became famous among the railway modelling fraternity in the 1980s with the publication of a building kit which immortalized it in card. The pub was an ideal subject for this treatment, being relatively small, of an age suitable for almost any townscape from the mid-19th century to the present day, and clearly visible from the railway. The kit itself was of excellent quality and unusual in representing an actual, rather than a simplified or idealized, building. It has appeared on many model railway layouts.
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