The Dominican Republic, which forms the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola, should not be confused with the island Commonwealth of Dominica.
The first railways in the Dominican Republic emerged in the early 20th century, serving the sugar cane industry. Several disconnected networks arose, using a variety of gauges. There was no rail connection with neighbouring Haïti.
Several groups of sugar cane railways remain in operation: narrow gauge networks centred on Barahona and San Pedro de Macoris, and a 350km standard gauge network centred on la Romana.
The capital, Santo Domingo, has a light rail Metro, the first line opened in 2008 and a second line is under construction. It is built to standard (1435mm) gauge. A project for a similar Metro in Santiago appears to be on hold at the present time.
Flag image from CIA World Factbook