The Kyrgyz railway network consists of two lines, built to Russian standard gauge (1520mm) during the Soviet era. The more northerly of these lines enters the country from Kazakhstan and runs via Bishkek to Balykchy on the shores of Lake Issyk-Kul, a distance of about 250km. The much shorter southern line enters from Uzbekistan and serves the city of Osh, with branches to Jalal-Abad and Kyzyl-Kiya. It is believed that the southern line is currently out of use following border closures in 2010.
There are no local passenger train services, but international passenger trains run between Bishkek, Kazakhstan and destinations in Russia, including Moscow.
Tentative proposals exist for a new rail link with China, which would form part of a through route from China to Turkey.
Flag image from CIA World Factbook