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The first Norwegian railway opened on 1st September, 1854 between Christiania (Oslo) and Eidsvoll, about 68km. It was built to standard .

Much of Norway is difficult terrain with sparse population, so railway development was confined mainly to the southern part of the country. However, there is a long route penetrating the Arctic Circle running north from Trondheim to Bodø and, even further north, the Ore Railway, a line conveying iron ore from Luleå in Sweden to the port of between Narvik, plus a few special tourist trains. The latter line has no direct connection with the rest of the Norwegian system.

The standard gauge network was supplemented by a number of narrow gauge mineral and logging railways, a few of which survive today as tourist lines.

Although Norway is not a member of the EU, it has adopted the European model of separate accountability for train operation and infrastructure costs. To this end, a separate infrastructure company (Jernbaneverket) has been spun off. The State Railway company still operates most passenger trains, although local services in the Oslo area are under local authority direction.

Main Line Railways

Industrial Railway

Local and Tourist Railways

Urban Railways, Trams and Funiculars



The largest island of the Svalbard archipelago in the Arctic Ocean was once an important centre of mining for coal and various metals. Some of the mines are still operational. Most of them had a railway system at one time or another. Among these were:

Bjrnya (Bear Island)

A metre gauge line was operational for a few years in the early 1920s. The remains of one of the locomotives are visible on the beach.

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Flag image from CIA World Factbook