Flag of Sweden

Railways in

Sweden

The first public railway in Sweden opened in 1856 between Nora and Ervalla, a distance of 18km. The line survives today as a tourist operation, the Nora Bergslags Jernväg. The first railway to reach the capital was the Stockholm to Göteborg railway in 1862, with trains taking 14 hours for the 455km (280 mile) journey between the two major cities.

The first railways in Sweden were built to standard (1435mm) gauge, which is the gauge of most of the main line railways today; but there was also once an extensive network of 891mm (3 Swedish feet) gauge lines. About 65km of this narrow gauge network in still used by the Roslagståg suburban trains in the Stockholm area, while elsewhere a few stretches remain as tourist operations.

Sweden has international rail connections with Norway, and with Finland via a dual gauge bridge (1435/1520mm) over the River Tornio, the latter now used only by freight trains. In 2000 a new line to Denmark was opened via the Öresund fixed link, giving Sweden a direct overland rail connection with the rest of Western Europe for the first time.

Main line passenger and freight services are provided by various operators. Regional services are for the most part operated under contract to local authorities; where possible, the operators are given in the service entries below.

Main line railways

Tourist railways

Metro, trams and local railways

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Photo Image LKAB / Fredric Alm
Flag image from CIA World Factbook

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