The first public railway in the United Arab Emirates was a section of the Dubai Metro opened in 2009. The Metro has since been extended and a monorail added; further extensions are proposed, as are trams and a metro for Abu Dhabi.
The first long distance railway is a 264km, standard (1435mm) gauge freight line from the Shah industrial complex to Habshan and the port of Ruwais, opened in 2014. Contracts were let in 2019 for the construction of a 139km extension from Ruwais to Ghuweifat on the border with Saudi Arabia, where it will eventually connect with the Saudi rail network. An extension of 466km to the east is planned to connect with the ports of Khalifa, Jebel Ali and Fujairah.