The first railway in Sulawesi was a 47km, 1067mm gauge line between Makassar and Takalar, opened in 1922. It was planned as part of a network of lines extending to the north of the island.
The railway was not a financial success and closed in 1930. The other proposed lines of the time did not come to fruition.
In the early 21st century, ambitious plans emerged for a network of up to 2000km of new standard (1435mm) gauge lines covering the island. The first line would be 145km between Makassar and Pare-Pare.
Construction began on the Makassar to Pare-Pare railway in 2014. The first section, 30km between Garongkong (Barru) and Tonasa (Pangkep), is expected to open in 2020.