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Freight train of ŽSSK Cargo
A freight train of ŽSSK Cargo, hauled by a Siemens Vectron electric locomotive

The first railway in Slovakia opened in 1840 between Bratislava and Trnava, a distance of about 50km. Trains were originally drawn by horses, locomotive traction followed later.

The majority of main line railways in Slovakia were built to standard (1435mm) gauge. There were many narrow gauge minor railways, especially in the mountainous areas, several of which are still in operation as tourist railways. There is also a Russian gauge (1520mm) line connecting Košice and its nearby steelworks to the Ukrainian border, providing direct access to the railways of the former Soviet Union. A long term proposal exists to extend this line westwards to a major freight exchange in Wien (Vienna), Austria.

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Photo image supplied by ŽSSK Cargo